Production is possible only after the female plant has been pollinated by the male, during which the production of seeds will take place. Some cannabis plants can produce some male and female flowers on the same plant, especially if the cultivator exposes them to environmental stressors. Or if they are allowed to flower for a longer period of time. This is referred to as a hermaphroditic condition. In some cases, these male flowers will produce viable pollen and self-pollinate the female flowers to produce seeds.
When the seeds mature, the female plants will start to die off, while the seeds fall to the ground (where they germinate), or they are picked up and processed into CBD oil, or food products.
About feminized marijuana seeds
Seeds that are feminized produce plants that are an exact replica of the female parent plant – this is due to the presence of only one set of genes. This process is also referred to as cloning by seed. Feminized seeds do not produce male plants. Cultivators of these feminized seeds do not go through the rigorous process of identifying a viable mother plant for the production. Most of the feminized seeds become hermaphrodites, which can result in flowers bearing seeds and reduced yields. Feminized marijuana seeds are not and should not be used for the purpose of breeding.
Buying cannabis seeds
Cannabis seeds can be purchased from online seed banks. Many of these are located in Spain, Netherlands, United Kingdom and Canada. These countries have lax laws on the marketing of cannabis seeds, compared to other countries. If US residents order these seeds from the marketing companies, chances are that they will be confiscated by the United States Customs and Border Protection. For states whose laws permit home-growing of marijuana, you may find the seeds available for sale at dispensaries.
There are many seed banks in these states and they will in most cases ship the product (cannabis seeds) to all locations within the United States.
In Canada, You can buy marijuana seeds online or at any cannabis retail stores.
Legality of marijuana seeds
Depending on your location, sales or marijuana seeds may be considered legal or illegal. In the United States, sales of cannabis seeds are considered illegal at the Federal Level. This is so unless they have been sterilized. States that permit cultivation of the seeds for either recreational or therapeutic purposes are technically violating these regulations, so if you’ve got a license to grow the seeds for recreational or medicinal purposes in any of the states, and strictly follow the guidelines, then you may consider it legal to possess the seeds.
Seeds produced in other countries may be marketed only for souvenir purposes. Depending on the permissiveness of the legal codes there. Seeds packaged and shipped into the United States will be seized at the border by the United States Customs and Border Protection.
Cannabis is legal only for medical purposes, Similarly, the cultivation of marijuana seeds is only permissible if the growth is for medical purposes.
Quality of the marijuana seed
The quality of a cannabis seed is determined by a number of factors. For instance, it is important that the seeds mature fully before they are harvested. Also, they must be stored properly to prevent the growth of mould or other microbes that could spoil them. Seeds must be stored in a cool and dark place and used within a timeframe of 16 months. Alternatively, they may be frozen for future use.
Some marketers may cross-breed a good female seed with a random male seed and sell of the resulting product. Others may take their time to cross and backcross the plants, then get the desired quality and mass-produce it. Most of the seeds in the market are represented by this groups.
Committed breeders have worked hard for years to produce what is called inbred lines — a fraction of the marijuana seed market is represented by this. These seeds are mostly used by breeders and not producers.
Health benefits of the marijuana seeds
Technically, hemp seeds are nuts, hence, why they are very nutritious. They’ve got a light, nutty flavour and are known informally as “hemp hearts”.
The fat content of hemp seeds is about 30%. They have a rich content of alpha-linoleic acid and linoleic acids referred to as Omega-3 and Omega-6 respectively. They are also rich in gamma linoleic acid, which has a number of health benefits
Hemp seeds are rich in protein, with no less than 25 percent of their total calorie given from high-quality protein.
This is greater than what is present in flaxseeds and chia seeds which have about 18-18 percent protein content.
Marijuana seeds are rich in vitamin E and minerals including sodium, phosphorous, calcium, sulfur, iron, magnesium and zinc.
Marijuana seeds may be eaten raw, roasted or cooked. The oil has a lot of therapeutic benefits and has been used in China as a food or medicine for no less than 3,000 years (1).
The risk of heart disease is reduced
Cardiovascular diseases are the major cause of death globally. It is interesting to note that marijuana seeds have the potential to reduce heart disease risk through a number of mechanisms.
For instance, they are rich in arginine, an amino acid, which is used for the production of nitric oxide in the body.
Nitric oxide has vasodilatory properties that lead to a reduced blood pressure and a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease.
In a particular study featuring 13,000 participants, increased intake of arginine was linked to a reduction in the levels of C-reactive protein— an inflammatory marker that triggers the onset of cardiovascular ailments.
Marijuana seeds also contain gamma-linoleic acid which has anti-inflammatory properties that reduce the risk of heart diseases.
Studies conducted on animals have shown that marijuana seed oil or the seeds themselves may enhance the recovery of the heart after an attack.
Treats skin disorders
Fatty acids could alter the body’s immune responses (13, 14 and 15). This has a relationship with the balance of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
Research has shown that administering marijuana seed oil to people who have eczema may improve the levels of essential fatty acids in the blood.
It may also reduce itchiness and dry skin, and minimize the need for skin medications.
A rich source of plant-based protein
The marijuana seed has 25% calories, all coming from protein, and this is quite high.
As a matter of fact, marijuana seeds give a protein content similar to lamb and beef.
Marijuana seeds are considered a complete source of protein, implying that they are laced with all the essential amino acids. Recall that essential amino acid are not produced by the body and can only be obtained from food.
It is rare to see plants with a complete protein content. Most plants lack lysine, an essential amino acid. Another example is quinoa.
Marijuana seeds are also rich in cysteine and methionine, all essential amino acids. They also have high levels of glutamic acid and arginine.
Protein found in marijuana seeds are easily digestible, much better than that found in grains, legumes and nuts.
Reduces menopausal and PMS symptoms
PMS is an abbreviation of premenstrual syndrome. At least 80 percent of women of reproductive age do experience emotional or physical symptoms caused by this.
These symptoms may be caused by a high sensitivity to prolactin. The effects of this prolactin are reduced by gamma linoleic acid (GLA), present in marijuana seeds.
In a study featuring women with premenstrual syndrome, it was discovered that taking a gram of essential fatty acids (plus 210mg of GLA daily) caused a significant reduction in the symptoms.
Other studies have proven that primrose oil may help alleviate PMS in women who have encountered failures in other therapies.
It reduces breast tenderness and pain, irritability, depression and fluid retention linked with PMS.
Since marijuana seeds have a high GLA content, studies have indicated that they may assist in regulating hormonal imbalances linked with menopause.
Whole marijuana seeds assist in digestion
Fibre is an essential component of all diet and facilitates digestion.
They are an excellent source of insoluble and soluble fibre (80 and 20 percent respectively). Soluble fibre produces a gel-like substance which helps digestive bacteria to thrive. They may also reduce blood sugar and cholesterol spikes.
Insoluble fibre regulates bowel movements, adding to the bulk of faecal matter. Research has shown that consuming insoluble fibre reduces the risk of diabetes. The fibre content of marijuana seed is what helps in the digestion process.
Apparently, there are so many benefits that can be derived from Marijuana seeds. However, It should be noted that shells of marijuana seeds do contain THC (<0.3%) and they are an active component in hemp seed. Having said that, the nutritional benefits of marijuana seeds is unbelievable— fat rich and high-quality protein.